Child abuse is the physical or psychological/emotional mistreatment of children. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define child maltreatment as any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.
Most child abuse occurs in a child’s home, with a smaller amount occurring in the organisations, schools or communities the child interacts with.
Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which a caregiver responsible for providing care for a child, fails to provide adequate care for the victimchild’s needs, to the detriment of the child. It is typically seen as a form of laziness or apathy on the form of the caregiver, rather than ignorance due to inability.
Examples of neglect include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs for which the child is helpless to provide for themselves.